Project results

D.1.1. Domain requirements specification

This deliverable investigates the specific needs of each domain: Bioclimatic architecture, management platform and renewable energies. The output of this task is the key for the developments of the project as from it, the following both domain-based and cross-domain operational and business models are created. First, a global vision of National regulation regarding SUI concept is made. These regulations are based mainly on Green Buildings and Energy Efficiency; Intelligent Buildings and Energy Management Systems; and Renewable Energy.

Thus, an individual description of SUI concept is given, addressing the innovations and challenges to be faced within each expert field. Finally, a list of tentative/initial requirements is identified. This list is comprised by general and specific indicators to all domain.

D.1.2. Domain operational models design

This D1.2 deliverable establishes the preliminary domains for operational model design. The output of this task is the key for the developments of both domain-based and cross-domain operational outputs, and further, based on the knowledge, clear business models will be created and tested.

The operational models intend to establish methodologies and frameworks enabling, in an innovative and unprecedented way, the access and use of urban areas, making use of each domain involved in the SUI project (bioclimatic architecture, management platform and renewable energies).

The final experimental results obtained from the evaluation of pilots, designed and executed based on business models, serve multiple purposes, one of them being the assessment of the performance of the SUI operational models defined under WP1 for each domain of the project.

D.1.3. Cross models design

This deliverable analyses methodologies and activities to promote and achieve the collaboration among the different domains, actors and general users, enhancing even more the SUI project results and impact.

First, a conceptual framework is defined in order to address the sequence of actions that are needed to be carried out. Thus, a set of steps is defined. Each one of them is clearly delineated and also, the type of actors involved on each step of the process is determined. Finally, a list of tasks is developed to be performed during the implementation stage.

D.1.4. Key Performance Indicators

This deliverable presents the Key Performance Indicators which quantify the interaction between the different domains, e.g. buildings and districts, for supporting the creation of a Smart Urban Isle.

The perspective analysed in this deliverable is from the perspective of linking the bioclimatic interventions on it to the effects on outdoor and indoor thermal comfort, energy saving and renewable energy integration. Moreover, the connection envisaged between buildings and transport sector was defined by a Mobility KPI. Then, the second four KPIs account for the district scale, i.e. analysing the energy networks and flows as WP4 work, aiming at measuring energy, mobility and building demand interaction towards the SUI concept implementation.

Finally, an Appendix was added to open the debate on the innovative Indicators which need further investigation and feedbacks from project’s partners.

D.2.1. Energy Profile of the SUI

The main objectives of the Deliverable are:

  • Determining the human comfort conditions in the building and its energy efficiency. The information for the envelope performance of the building (air-tightness (infiltration), thermal bridges, air and water leakages and heat transfer) is collected. The energy profile of the building (kWh/m2 and CO2 emissions) is determined.
  • Developing an energy profile of the area (energy consumption, thermal comfort and CO2 emissions). Simulations in the proposed new neighbourhoods and through energy simulations and/or energy audits of the existing pilot neighbourhoods. Also, the materiality and geometry of the area were documented. All the modelling and simulations (building and surrounding area (SUI)) were performed with accurate weather data.
  • Evaluating the mobility impact on the energy profile of the area. The heat island effect was deducted in the deliverable from other studies and correlated with the CO2 emissions and the geometry and materiality of the area.

In order to address these objectives, the tasks/activities were divided into 3 principal points of investigation:

  1. the building
  2. the area
  3. the mobility, which are further sub-divided into modules, directly linked to them.

D.2.2. Series of energy efficient conservation interventions and their impact & D2.3 Results of the validation of the SUI concept

the validation of the SUI concept This document includes deliverable 2.2 and deliverable 2.3 which are result of developing tasks 2.2 and 2.3. A unique and integrated document is being developed to better understand of the procedure done and results obtained.

  1. Simulate the SUI and the focus buildings to determine the prevailing conditions with accurate weather data to determine the base case scenario and compared with the real-time data gathered
  2. Develop a set of bioclimatic measures for the SUI and the focus buildings, based on data acquired by the data-loggers, blower test and thermal imaging.
  3. Do a feasibility study of each measure in terms of reduction of the energy consumption, its economic viability and its sustainability impact using the adequate software.
  4. The proposed measures will then be incorporated into the model to determine the most efficient scenario for implementation.

D.3.1. Software Concept

This document describes the complete vision that involves the SUI Management Platform. SUI Management Platform measures, monitors and controls the flow of energy and bioclimatic parameters within a SUI. This platform will be a key factor within a SUI area as it will be responsible for the connection of all the data providers and consumers. SUI Management Platform will be responsible for energy flow control, real-time monitoring of beneficiaries’ needs, and continuous comfort checking by measuring bioclimatic parameters.

Using smartphones as probes, SUI Management Platform will interpret static and real-time data, creating an intelligent Hub capable of connecting other platforms to a bigger infrastructure. We can use smartphones simply because they contain plenty of useful sensors for SUI, for example: for temperature, for light intensity, humidity, among others. These sensors turn thousands and thousands of active smartphones into ideal probes inside a SUI.

This project is an experimental version of the concept described. In this experimental version, some of the main features of the complete vision will be displayed, aiming at the testing and technological validation of the platform. This subject will be further explained in document D.3.2. Platform prototype tested for individual scenarios.

D.3.2. Platform prototype tested for individual scenarios

This document describes the process and results obtained of the testing and validating the SUI Energy Management System (SEMS) described in D.3.1. Software concept. In this experimental version, some of the main features of the complete vision will be displayed, aiming at the testing and technological validation of the platform.

This document is divided in three main parts. In Platform development, it is described the procedure and different techniques used and followed to develop the software concept designed in D.3.1. Thus, a technology demonstration and validation of the system was undertaken. The system was tested and validated using real data and real scenarios. Bugs and errors were fixed accordingly, so that the optimization of the system can be achieved. Finally, an example of implementation was carried out taking data from the Haarlem use case. This document represents a proof of concept of the SEMS and it will be implemented using real data in WP5 – Implementation.

D.4.1. Concepts for smart mini networks for given situations & D.4.3. Proof of concept of mini networks in detail

This document is meant to be used as a supporting document to describe all the steps taken to develop an energy concept for an urban area, according to the ‘Smart Urban Isle’ approach and ambition. The ‘Smart Urban Isle’ approach will be explained in the next section.

The current document is the complementary to the ‘SUI Guidebook for developing SUI mini network concepts’. In the guidebook all the steps that need to be taken in order to develop a SUI mini network are described, including references to other tools and sources of information.

The current document is the template of the report that described all these steps for a given project. This means: the developer of a SUI energy concept can use this template to describe all the steps, resulting in a structured report of this development, based on the SUI approach.

Currently the document is meant for all WP2 and WP4 participants working on the development of a case study. After the end of the project, the template will be made suitable for others who want to develop SUIs as well.

D.4.2. SUI Guidelines

This document contains a step by step approach to develop a SUI mini network concept for a given urban area:

  • An energy concept that makes optimal use of the bioclimatic improvement potential of buildings, the energy exchange potentials between different buildings and the local renewable energy potentials.
  • - It aims at a local energy balance from renewable resources, meaning: the energy is generated and used in the area, minimizing the import and export of energy from outside the SUI area.

The aim is to design an integrated energy system for the built environment that optimises the use of local resources

D.5.1. Description of goals and scenarios & D.5.2 Implementation plan for the pilot

This deliverable describes the goal and scenarios of the location for the SUI implementations. Moreover, an implementation planning is given as well as a list of parameters needed for carrying out the demonstrations. Locations for the implementations are: Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Amsterdam, Zurich, Winterthur, Limassol, Iasi and Güssing.

D.5.3. Description of executed pilots and results obtained

This deliverable gathers the results obtained through the implementation stage performed in all SUI locations. At the end, lessons learned, conclusions and recommendations are given as a result of the SUI implementation on each site.

D.6.3. Final SUI Conference

The Final SUI Conference took part from May 9th to 11th, 2018 in Nicosia. It was part of a bigger event: “The Zero Energy Buildings and Smart Sustainable Cities Event”. The European “Smart Cities & Communities Initiative” of the Strategic Energy Technology Plan supports cities and regions to reduce by 40% their greenhouse gas emissions by 2020. This event was organised by the Cyprus Institute and, it facilitated a seminar on Smart, Sustainable Cities under the JPI Urban-Europe project "Smart bioclimatic low-carbon urban areas as innovative energy isles in the sustainable city – Smart Urban Isles (SUI)".